utility information pipeline

What should a loose coin policy entail?

After the last Utility Information Pipeline issue dealing with a customer paying her entire $493 water bill in pennies as a “peaceful protest”, where I advocated for having a loose coin policy, a few readers inquired as to what a loose coin policy should entail.

Loose coin policy

At the very least, any loose coin policy should require that coins exceeding the amount required for a coin roll of that denomination be rolled. Standard coin roll denominations are:

  • pennies – $0.50
  • nickels – $2.00
  • dimes – $5.00
  • quarters – $10.00
  • half dollars – $10.00

It is also advisable to require your customer to write their name and phone number on each roll of coins in case there is a discrepancy in the amount of coins in the wrapper.

Obviously, you can use some discretion in enforcing the policy. If a customer showed up with 52 pennies to pay the exact change portion of their bill, it doesn’t make sense to require them to roll 50 of the pennies.

Benefits of a policy

With a loose coin policy in place, your office would be able to refuse to accept a wagon load of coins from an irate customer, such as the protest in the above story, unless the customer first wrapped the loose coins. This would save considerable time in counting the coins when they are presented for payment.

Have you completed the Utility Staffing Survey?

Just a reminder, if you haven’t yet participated in the 2018 Utility Staffing Survey, please click here to complete the survey. This should take less than five minutes to complete. The results will be published in a future Utility Information Pipeline.

Please feel free to share this survey with your peers at other utilities.

Thank you in advance for taking the time to complete the survey and for sharing it with other utilities.

Are your policies up-to-date?

If you don’t have a policy regarding loose coins, or feel like other policies may not be up-to-date, please give me a call at 919-232-2320 or e-mail me at gsanders@logicssolutions.com to learn how a business review could help your utility.

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© 2018 Gary Sanders

Could your office avoid a protest like this?

Could your office avoid a protest such as the one in the news last week at the Deltona, Florida water department? A customer, upset by what she claims were extraordinarily high bills, chose to pay her $493 water bill in pennies as a “peaceful protest.”

Are you like most utilities?

If your utility is like most that responded to a short poll regarding accepting loose coins in a previous Utility Information Pipeline, you don’t have a policy in place to prevent a malicious protest like this one.

According to the article, it took the staff more than three hours to count the 49,300 pennies. That, most likely, doesn’t include the additional time required to roll the 986 rolls of pennies before they could be deposited at the bank.

What is your policy for loose coins?

Some utilities have policies requiring coins presented for payment to be rolled, if they exceed the number needed for a roll. Such a policy would have required the frustrated customer in the news story to have rolled all the pennies before presenting them for deposit. This would have saved the office staff the time involved in counting all 49,300 pennies and kept them from having to roll the coins before depositing them.

If you don’t have such a policy, I recommend you implement one before you have a customer decide to wage a “peaceful protest” of a high bill.

Complete the Utility Staffing Survey

Just a reminder, if you haven’t yet participated in the 2018 Utility Staffing Survey, please click here to complete the survey. This should take less than five minutes to complete. The results will be published in a future Utility Information Pipeline.

Please feel free to share this survey with your peers at other utilities.

Thank you in advance for taking the time to complete the survey and for sharing it with other utilities.

Are your policies up-to-date?

If you don’t have a policy regarding loose coins, or feel like other policies may not be up-to-date, please give me a call at 919-232-2320 or e-mail me at gsanders@logicssolutions.com to learn how a business review could help your utility.-

Click here to subscribe to my free, bi-weekly email newsletter...

© 2018 Gary Sanders

Early observations from the 2018 Utility Staffing Survey

As you know, the last issue of the Utility Information Pipeline was an invitation to participate in the 2018 Utility Staffing Survey. In addition to asking questions about the number of staff in various positions and how your office handles labor intensive practices such as payment processing and bill printing, the survey also includes questions about what percentage of payments are received by various methods.

Early survey results

Of the responses to the survey received so far, 25% of the respondents who supplied answers to the percentage of payments received by payment method responded with 0% for bank drafts!

I’ve written before about how bank drafts are the easiest way to collect payments and even offered suggestions for how to get more customers to sign up for bank drafts, not once, but twice!

When I advocate for bank drafts, I’m talking about sending an ACH file from your billing system to the bank. I’m not referring to going to your bank’s website and changing the amount to be drafted for each customer each month and I’m definitely not talking about filling out paper drafts by hand!

When I started in this business in the early 1980’s, it wasn’t unusual for a utility clerk to have a drawer full of rubber banded stacks of preprinted bank drafts that looked much like blank checks. The clerk would have to date the form and fill in the amount to be deducted from the customer’s account. Believe it or not, I recently encountered a utility still doing bank drafts this way!

Why aren’t you accepting bank drafts?

Knowing how easy it is and what a time saver bank drafts are, I’m frankly surprised when I encounter a utility that doesn’t accept bank drafts.

If your billing software won’t allow you to process bank drafts, it’s past time to replace you software!

If your bank won’t accept an ACH file, it’s time to find a new bank!

If it’s your own reluctance holding you back because “that’s the way we’ve always done it“, trust me when I say once you’ve implemented bank drafts you’ll be glad you did it!

Complete the Utility Staffing Survey

If you haven’t yet completed the 2018 Utility Staffing Survey, please click here to complete the survey. This should take less than five minutes to complete. The results will be published in a future Utility Information Pipeline.

Please feel free to share this survey with your peers at other utilities.

Thank you in advance for taking the time to complete the survey and for sharing it with other utilities.

2018 rates dashboard for North Carolina

I’ve written in the past about resources, including the Environmental Finance Center at UNC. The EFC has just released the North Carolina Water And Wastewater Rates Dashboard for 2018. This dashboard contains rates for 495 utilities in North Carolina.

Is your office offering 21st century payment options?

If you’re not currently offering bank drafts, or think your office is otherwise behind the times with the payment options you offer, please give me a call at 919-232-2320 or e-mail me at gsanders@logicssolutions.com to learn how a business review could help your utility.

Click here to subscribe to my free, bi-weekly email newsletter...

© 2018 Gary Sanders

Invitation to participate in the 2018 Utility Staffing Survey

Have you ever wondered if your office is understaffed…?

Do you need to justify a new position to management…?

Here’s your chance to find out!

You’re invited to participate in the 2018 Utility Staffing Survey. The survey will examine staffing levels and how your office handles labor intensive practices such as payment processing and bill printing.

2016 survey results

I conducted a similar survey in 2016 and you can review the results here:

The Utility Staffing Survey is a biennial survey, alternating years with the Utility Fee Survey.

The results of the survey will be published in a series of upcoming e-mail newsletters. To be sure you receive the results of the survey, if you haven’t already signed up for my free e-mail newsletter, please click here to subscribe.

Complete the Utility Staffing Survey

Please click here to complete the 2018 Utility Staffing Survey. This should take less than five minutes to complete. I will publish the results in a future Utility Information Pipeline.

Please feel free to share this survey with your peers at other utilities.

Thank you in advance for taking the time to complete the survey and for sharing it with other utilities.

Could your office operate more efficiently?

If you think your office is understaffed or could run more efficiently, please give me a call at 919-232-2320 or e-mail me at gsanders@logicssolutions.com to learn how a business review could help your utility.

Click here to subscribe to my free, bi-weekly email newsletter...

© 2018 Gary Sanders

Are you tracking non-revenue water?

Does your utility track non-revenue water (NRW)? Non-revenue water is the term that replaces what was formerly called water loss reporting.

Graphic courtesy of Tata & Howard – www.tataandhoward.com

What is non-revenue water?

Non-revenue water is defined as your total system input volume (either water produced or purchased) less billed consumption.

From the chart below you can see that your system input volume falls into one of two categories – authorized consumption or water losses. Each of these are then further divided into two sub-categories – authorized consumption into billed and unbilled authorized consumption and water losses into apparent and real losses.

Non- revenue water is the total of unbilled authorized consumption, apparent losses, and real losses.

Let’s analyze each of these in more detail…

Billed authorized consumption

This is pretty straightforward – this is what your utility is in business to do! Billed authorized consumption can be either metered or unmetered, but it is accounted for and you (hopefully) get paid for it!

Unbilled authorized consumption

Unbilled authorized consumption can also be either metered or unmetered. Unbilled metered consumption would include your own facilities if you don’t bill yourself. Examples of unbilled unmetered consumption would be flushing lines or the fire department drawing water from hydrants in your system.

Apparent losses

Apparent losses are also broken down into two types – unauthorized consumption and customer meter inaccuracies and data handling errors. Unauthorized consumption is self-explanatory – it’s stolen water or any other consumption without the utility’s authorization.

Customer meter inaccuracies includes meters slowing down over time due to wear and tear. Remember, meters are like people – they slow down, not speed up, as they get older! Metering inaccuracies could also be due to failing to install a compound meter for a multi-unit apartment building and not registering low flows during off-peak times.

Data handling errors would encompass such things as meters that are billed using the wrong billing units. For example, if a meter is read in thousands of gallons but billed in hundreds of gallons, the apparent loss is a factor of 10.

Real losses

Real losses are further defined as leakage in transmission and distribution mains, leaks and overflows from storage tanks, and service connection leaks up to the meter.

Leaks in transmission, distribution, and service lines are what first comes to mind for most people when they think of water loss, but leaks and overflows from storage tanks must also be considered.

AWWA resources

The American Water Works Association (AWWA) offers free water audit software to assist with accounting for non-revenue water. They also offer a concise, three page document describing water audits with definitions and performance indicators to help explain the process.

Need help getting started?

If you need help getting started with performing a water audit, please give me a call at 919-232-2320 or e-mail me at gsanders@logicssolutions.com and I can put you in touch with consultants who specialize in this area.

Click here to subscribe to my free, bi-weekly email newsletter...

© 2018 Gary Sanders

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Gary Sanders

I am the Senior Consultant with Logics, LLC in Raleigh, North Carolina. I have over 35 years experience developing and implementing utility billing and financial software and consulting with utilities and municipalities. My bi-weekly email newsletter draws from my experience in working with over 200 utilities and local governments to offer insight into how utilities can improve operations and better serve their customers. If you have a comment or a suggestion for a future email, please contact me by calling 919-232-2320 or sending an email to gsanders@logicssolutions.com



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